Causes of Vaginal Atrophy


What causes vaginal dryness (vaginal atrophy)?

Vaginal tissue is kept moist, elastic and comfortable by lubrication which is naturally created by glands at the neck of the womb, and governed by the body’s production of estrogen. The hormone estrogen helps maintain that fluid and keeps the lining of the vagina healthy, thick, elastic and acidic (low pH). When the ovaries’ production of estrogen is disrupted, which can happen for a number of reasons, vaginal tissue becomes dry, thin, and less elastic which lends itself to being more fragile and may tear and/or bleed. This thinned endometrium and increased vaginal pH level, induced by estrogen deficiency, predisposes your vagina and urinary tract to infection and mechanical weakness. This often results in debilitating discomfort such as itching and burning, increased vaginal infections, and pain during sexual activity.

Menopausal women are not the only ones who experience vaginal atrophy. Women of any age who have low estrogen levels may have symptoms. For women who are experiencing vaginal dryness but are certainly not menopausal, there are many other possible causes.

The following can all account for a change in estrogen levels:

  • Menopause (most common cause)
  • Lack of sexual activity
  • Pregnancy or recent childbirth
  • Post episiotomy
  • Breast feeding
  • Premenopausal periods
  • Post menstruation
  • Hysterectomy
  • Removal of ovaries
  • Pelvic radiation therapy in women cancer patients
  • Chemotherapy
  • Early menopause through cancer treatment
  • Immune disorders
  • Oral contraceptives
  • Coming off Hormone Replacement Therapy
  • Medications such as anti-depressants, allergy and cold medications
  • Intolerance to douching products or harsh soaps
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Heavy Cigarette smoking
  • Stress, Anxiety or emotional upsets


Hormone Replacement Therapy (which puts some hormones back in) can help some women, but it doesn’t always relieve symptoms. Some women are unable to tolerate hormones and others decide against such treatment altogether. And that’s where GYNATROF can help.

Did you know?

Many women are unaware that they can get very effective, non-hormonal treatment for vaginal atrophy and that prompt treatment can keep problems from getting worse.

You now have the power to Conquer Vaginal Dryness.

Vaginal Atrophy:  You may not want to talk about Vaginal Atrophy, so we will. Click here to start the conversation.

Treatment Options for VA: Click here to find out more about both prescription and non-prescription options.  It pays to be well informed!

Vaginal Health at Every Age: To keep your vagina healthy, it’s important to understand what’s going on “down there.” Click here to find out how!

Risk Factors & Triggers: Vaginal Atrophy is usually not dangerous, however if left untreated it can increase the risk for other medical problems. Click here to learn how to identify the risk factors & triggers.

Vaginal Dryness and Menopause: Menopause brings with it noticeable vaginal and vulvar changes including dryness.  Click here to get informed.  

Vaginal Dryness and Cancer: Treatment for cancer can have a profound effect on your vaginal tissues. Click here to learn more today.

Vaginal Dryness and Birth Control: Oral contraceptives can affect vaginal lubrication triggering discomfort, itchiness or burning, and pain during sex. Click here to get informed on what you can do.

Vaginal Dryness and Pregnancy: Pregnancy can change your body in many unexpected ways. One change you may not be aware of or that no one would have warned you about is vaginal dryness. Click here to learn more now.

Vaginal Dryness and Breastfeeding: If you’re wondering why postpartum vaginal dryness occurs, click here to find out.

Vaginal Dryness and Pessaries for Pelvic Organ Prolapse: Dryness and Pelvic organ prolapse, a type of pelvic floor disorder, can affect many women. Click here to learn more.

Vaginal Dryness and Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs): Recurrent Urinary Tract Infections and vaginal dryness frequently occur concomitantly in many women.  Click here to learn more.